NASDA Policy Statements

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2. Plant Health Protection and Disease Control
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(Updated September 2016)

State Departments of Agriculture play a critical role in safeguarding agriculture from plant pests, diseases, and invasive species, which significantly impact agricultural crops, public and private lands, and natural habitats. NASDA supports enhanced federal-state collaboration and cooperation in program delivery to facilitate timely prevention, identification, control, and where appropriate, eradication of injurious plant pests and diseases impacting U.S. agricultural production, food security, environmental and public health, and international trade.

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2.1.  Domestic Plant Pest and Disease Issues
  • NASDA supports the funding and resources needed to maintain a robust state and federal plant health infrastructure necessary to facilitate early detection, response, control, and where appropriate, eradication activities of plant pests and diseases.
  • NASDA supports enhanced investment in science-based research needed to prevent the introduction of pathogens, control plant pests and diseases, and develop new methods for reducing or eliminating potential plant health hazards.
  • NASDA opposes activities or policies seeking to infringe or diminish the authorities of the state departments of agriculture related to plant heath or disease control.
  • NASDA supports enhanced funding for federal-state cooperative programs to facilitate timely control, containment, and where appropriate, eradication activities of plant pests and diseases.
  • NASDA supports enhanced outreach, education, and communication with federal agencies, private landowners, producers, and private citizens to facilitate timely detection and minimize the environmental and economic impact invasive species have on public and private lands.
2.2.  Foreign Plant Pest and Disease Issues
  • NASDA supports protecting our citizens, stakeholders, and agricultural producers from the intentional or unintentional introduction of select biological agents and toxins.
  • NASDA supports the mission of the Department of Homeland Security in protecting our citizens, stakeholders, and agricultural producers from the introduction of Agro-terrorism or bioterrorism agents.
  • NASDA supports the funding and resources needed to maintain pest exclusion activities and quarantines at ports of entry to enhance pest exclusion activities.
  • NASDA supports the appropriate adjustment or modification in user fees collected from the traveling public and commercial carriers to support critical surveillance and plant protection activities.
  • NASDA urges enhanced federal agency coordination to support monitoring, diagnostic tools, and mitigation activities necessary to prevent pest and disease introduction threats.
2.3.  Strategies for Controlling Pests
  • NASDA believes increased federal agency coordination and federal-state collaboration is essential to facilitating timely and effective prevention, identification, control, and where appropriate, eradication activities of injurious plant pests and diseases.
  • NASDA supports science-based pest risk analysis and continued review of current regulatory programs to ensure the most current science and technologies are incorporated into control and eradication efforts.
  • NASDA supports the use of biological control tools as a successful strategy, and NASDA supports USDA leveraging state activities and regional plant protection centers to deliver a more expeditious process to approve release permits for biological control agents.
  • NASDA supports irradiation as an effective tool for preventing and controlling the introduction of plant pests.
  • NASDA supports Integrated Crop Management (ICM) and Integrated Pest Management (IPM) to assist producers in monitoring, treating, and mitigating the impact pests and diseases have on crop systems and soil health.
  • NASDA supports improving and expanding pest and disease exclusion and eradication programs and continued access to all tools vital to these efforts.

2.4.  Regulation of Interstate Movement of Nursery Stock
  • NASDA supports the efficient and effective inspection and certification of nursery stock to facilitate stream-of-commerce and protect against the potential introduction of plant pests and diseases.
  • NASDA supports the interstate movement of nursery stock consistent with long standing reciprocity agreements and the state of origin’s inspection and certification authorities under state and/or federal quarantine regulations.
2.5.  Seed Health and Regulation
  • NASDA supports efficient and effective state seed inspection and verification programs to protect against the introduction or spread of plant pests, disease and pathogens.
  • NASDA supports the funding and resources necessary to enhance and maintain a robust seed laboratory infrastructure to facilitate the consistent, timely, and sound accreditation, testing, and certification of seed.
2.6.  Invasive Species and Noxious Weeds
  • NASDA encourages the federal government to assert primary jurisdiction and assume a more dynamic leadership role in the interdiction and eradication of destructive invasive species and noxious weeds. 
  • NASDA believes it is critical for federal agencies to work in partnership with state and local governments in developing scientifically-sound policies and procedures to identify, prevent, control, and where appropriate, eradicate destructive invasive species and noxious weeds.
  • NASDA calls for enhanced federal funding for control and elimination projects utilizing block grants to the state departments of agriculture to manage and lead such activities.
  • NASDA supports cooperative and coordinated approaches related to public and private lands to successfully implement statewide noxious weed plans.
  • NASDA calls for increased federal support in funding and control activities under statewide noxious weed management plans, and this federal funding should reflect the activities consistent with the scope and geographical range of all state and federal lands within these defined areas.
  • NASDA supports the funding and resources necessary to enhance and maintain a robust federal action framework focused on education, research, prevention, monitoring, control, and where appropriate, eradication of destructive invasive species and noxious weeds.
Document Date: February 3, 2017
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